Who is most at risk of sexual assault?
Unfortunately, domestic violence and sexual assault are part of life in the U.S. and around the world. This article identifies those people most at risk of sexual assault and suggests some common sense ways a person can avoid situations in which sexual assaults occur.
The typical assault victims are:
- Young women, who are
- Drinking alcohol, and are attacked by
- Someone the know,
- Either a friend,
- family member or
- Someone they met within the proceeding 24 hours.
Here's the story:
Risk factors for sexual assault identified,
includes age & alcohol consumption
Risk factors for sexual assault, including young age and alcohol consumption, must be addressed when considering preventative strategies, suggests a new study. Results of this study show that
- 66% of the women interviewed were aged 15-24 years old and
- 75% had met the perpetrator before the sexual assault with
- nearly 50% reporting that the perpetrator was
- a current or former boyfriend,
- family member or
- someone they considered a friend.
- Because of the familiarity of the perpetrator, many assaults go unreported.
The study aimed to describe the victims of sexual assault and the circumstances in which the assaults occurred in order to identify risk factors and enable the development of preventative measures. A focus was placed on how age and the relationship between the victim and the perpetrator were associated with the circumstance of the assault.
Sexual assault more common than many think
Over the last decade, it has been increasingly recognized that many patients seen in the healthcare system have a history of sexual assault. In 2002 the World Health Organisation classified sexual violence as a major public health problem and underlined the need for further research in this field.
Women with no previous contact or knowledge of their perpetrator were more likely to report to the police and were at a higher risk of sustaining an injury, the research showed.
40% of assault victims were drinking
Looking specifically at alcohol, the study found that over 40% of women had consumed more than 5 units of alcohol. These women were more often sexually assaulted by a stranger or someone they met within 24 hours prior to the assault.
Furthermore, a physical injury was found in 53% of cases and 33% of the victims had suffered a previous sexual assault.
Stranger danger or a friend?
Dr Mie-Louise Larsen, co-author of the study said: "Our results challenge the typical stereotype of a violent rape attack by a stranger, which is important in creating an environment where women are not reluctant to seek help after a sexual assault.
"We need to raise awareness of the fact that most sexual assaults are perpetrated by someone known to the woman, often in familiar surroundings. In order to change the general attitudes towards sexual assault, this information should not only target young people, but also the police, healthcare professionals and the general public."
Patrick Chien, BJOG deputy editor-in-chief said:"Identifying risk factors for sexual assault is vital for both the prevention of assaults and the improvement of early interventions.
"The results of this study suggest young age and drinking alcohol are risk factors for sexual assault. The study provides us with further insight and explores the circumstances in which sexual assaults occur, which women are vulnerable in which settings and identifies the most important contributory factors to help with the development of measures to prevent sexual assault."
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* * * * *Story Source: Materials provided by Wiley. M-L Larsen, M Hilden, Ø Lidegaard. Sexual assault: a descriptive study of 2500 female victims over a 10-year period. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 2014