Greek Bronze Age ended 100 years earlier than thought
The charred remains of Assiros Toumba in Greece.
Conventional estimates for the collapse of the Aegean civilization may be incorrect by up to a century, according to new radiocarbon analyses.
While historical chronologies traditionally place the end of the Greek Bronze Age at around 1025 BCE, this latest research suggests a date 70 to 100 years earlier.
Researcher Dr Ken Wardle says, 'These new results tell a story that is totally independent of and rather different from the conventional historical accounts of the date of the end of the Greek Bronze Age.
'Until very recently the chronology of the later part of the Greek Bronze Age was entirely based on historical dates derived from Egypt and the Near East with the aid of exported or imported objects such as Minoan or Mycenaean pottery or Egyptian scarabs.
'But if we accept the 14C radiocarbon dating -- and there is no good reason not to -- we have to rethink our understanding of a long sequence of dates from the middle of the 14th century BCE to the beginning of the 11th century BCE.
The dates derived from the samples meticulously excavated at Assiros -- 25km from modern-day Thessaloniki -- represent the most complete data set for the Greek Bronze Age, covering 400 years from the mid-14th century to the 10th century BCE. They tell a similar story to those determined for the volcanic eruption in Santorini (Thera), which has been re-dated from 1525 BCE to 1625 BCE as a result of scientific evidence.
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* * * * *Story Source: Materials provided by University of Birmingham. Kenneth Wardle, Thomas Higham, Bernd Kromer. Dating the End of the Greek Bronze Age: A Robust Radiocarbon-Based Chronology from Assiros Toumba. PLoS ONE, 2014